The beautiful Assam, mostly carpeted with lush green tea gardens sprawling over thousands of acres, is the gateway to the Northeast India excepting Sikkim. Connected through chicken neck to mainland India, Assam is home to varieties of uniqueness. To its credit, the mighty Brahmaputra river and Barak river passes through Assam and interestingly river Brahmaputra is the only male river in India. Besides, Assam houses the endangered one horned rhinoceros, rare pigmy hog, the largest and the smallest riverine island in the world, the largest weaving village in the world, the extraordinary muga silk etc. Assam is also considered as the last habitat to endangered Asiatic wild elephants.
Housing two of the major national parks of India viz. Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are also World Heritage Site, Assam always finds a place in the itinerary of every nature lovers. The elephant safari in the virgin forest of these parks is just another additional avenue to make ones visit more exciting and memorable.
Assam shares international boundary with Bangladesh and Bhutan. Your itinerary can also include a visit to world’s happiest country “Bhutan” through Assam.
Assam is inhabited by peoples from various ethnic groups having respective dialects, colourful attires and vibrant cultures. The state is well connected by Airways, Railways and Roadways and thus easily accessible with host of stays eagerly waiting to offer you the best of hospitality.
The district is rich in religious centres of Vaishnavas which are called as Satras and thus earned the sobriquet “Land of Satras”. These satras are concomitant to the socio-religious Vaishanava reform movement initiated by legendry Sri Sri Srimanta Sankardeva in 16th century with Barpeta as the base. During the movement and to further strengthen the Assamese culture, Sri Sri Srimanta Sankardeva was joined by his able disciple Madhavdeva and together they laid the foundation of Assamese culture. Some of the Satras of importance for Vaishnavites are Barpeta Satra, Chinpara Vithi, Sundardiya Satra, Patbaoushi Satra, Ganakuchi Satra, Baradi Satra with each of them carrying respective legacy. You can surely place Barpeta in your itinerary to visit.
The district town has importance in the history of Assam as Bongaigaon was the last capital of Kamatapur Kingdom. The district is home to various tribes of people like Bodo, Rabha, Koch and other non tribals of Assamese community. They all practice different religions yet they live in harmony.
A newly formed district consequent upon implementation of Bodo Territorial Council (BTC) accord in 2003 with Kajalgaon as its district headquarter. On the foothills of Bhutan, Chirang houses plethora of serene beauty of nature.
Though not the oldest district of Assam yet the district has significant reference in the history of Assam. Created in the year 1983 with Mangaldoi as the headquarter of the district, the district is blessed with two wonderful National Parks viz. Manas National Park and Orang National Park besides other scenic beauties in the district.
Located on the north bank of river, Dhemaji shares inter-state boundary with the hilly ranges of Arunachal Pradesh. Dhemaji being one of the remotest district of Assam, the inhabitants are mostly dependent on Agriculture. However, it is believed that the district is cursed as mighty river Brahmaputra and its tributaries has been wrath on the district almost every year and resulting in drastic decline in crop production. The district is worst flood affected district in Assam. Yet the district has something in store for visitors.
Dhubri shares inter-state boundary with Bangal and international boundary with Bangladesh. The inhabitants mostly practice agriculture as their prime occupation. Jute and mustard cultivation are the major areas of operation among the cultivators of Dhubri. The inhabitants have unique culture and traditions from that rest of Assam owing to the fact these customs and traditions are creations of intermingling of peoples from various races, castes, migrates and invaders, etc. This district is one of the most populated district in India with nearly 584 person per Sq. Km. Below are some of the attraction of the district while there are many new sites being explored for tourism.
One of the oldest district of Assam, Dibrugarh city is known as the Tea City of India. Located on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, Dibrugarh district is rich in natural resources like crude petroleum, natural gas, coal and diverse range of flora and fauna. Dibrugarh carpeted by lush green tea gardens shares inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh. The district also houses few locations of importance from the view point of tourism.
Covered with thick green forests and undulating hills with highest peak of about 1600 meters above mean sea level, the district in the central part of Assam is the largest district in Assam in terms of area. Named after “Karbi” tribe, the district is yet to be fully explored to its potential in context to development as a tourist destination. With the limited exploration in context to natural reserves, the district has reserves of Lime Stone, China Clay, Feldspar and Coal. The district is no less in terms of beauty of nature. In fact the natural beauty of Karbi Anglong is ornamented with as many 12 rivers meandering through hilly terrain of Karbi Anglong.
The district located on the bank of mighty river Brahmaputra and foothills of Meghalaya was created in the year 1983. The district is blessed with diverse beauty of nature. The evergreen forest sprawling in almost entire district with undulating hills in the midst makes the picturesque of its localities enchanting. Some of the major attractions of the district are Hulukanda hill, Surya Pahar, Pir Majhar etc. The pristine beauty of the district is ornamented with large water bodies and tributaries of the river Brahmaputra.
The district finds references in freedom movement. Noted martyrs from the district are Kushal Konwar, Kamala Miri etc. who laid down their lives during the freedom movement. The district houses nearly 63 large tea gardens, part of famous Kaziranga National Park and part of Nambor WLS besides other natural attractions.
The district of Kamrup Metropolitan houses the largest city of Northeast “Guwahati” and also the capital of the state of “Dispur”. Giwahati being the gateway of Northeast India is well connected to all the states of Northeast. Guwahati is also home to the most powerful Shaktipeeth “Maa Kamakhya” and historic Saraighat Bridge where the heroics of great Lachit Barphukan thwarted the invading mighty Mughals in 1671.
The cosmopolitan city is one of the fastest growing city of India and is going to be internationally connected soon once International Highway leading to Myanmar via Moreh in Manipur is complete. The city has some of the ancient temples whose architectural designs are purely indigenous unlike Mughal architectural in many other parts of the country with influence of Mughals. Located on the bank of mighty river Brahmaputra, Guwahati has several reference in the history of erstwhile undivided Assam. Some of such historic structures include Dighali Pukhuri, Jor Pukhuri, Nagkata Pukhuri, Silpukhuri, Maa Kamakhya Temple, Umananda Temple, Bhimsakaran, Baisishtha Ashram, Churches, Gurudwaras etc. The fast ramification of the city has covered newer places. However, Guwahati is just a part of the Kamrup Metropolitan district.
Located on the bank of river Bhogdai, a major tributary to mighty Brahmaputra, Jorhat is one of the oldest and largest towns of Assam. The last capital of 600 year long Ahom dynasty houses many historical monuments, many of which were damaged by invading Burmese. However, British renovated some of them in early 1800s. Owing to its contribution in the field of culture and tradition, the district earns the distinction of being the “Cultural capital of Assam”. There are around 300 tea gardens in and around Jorhat. The etymologist arrived that the name of Jorhat originated from the two haats (market) viz. Macharhat and Chowkihat on either bank of river Bhogdoi. Besides some of historic water bodies like Mithapukhuri, Kunworipukhuri and Bangalpukhuri, Jorhat also has the credit to house the world’s largest and oldest research station dedicated to tea research which was established in 1911. When you are at Jorhat, you can surely expect to find stalls dealing with aesthetic looking craft made from tea bushes and driftwood.
A part of Syhlet district of erstwhile India and now sharing international boundary with Bangladesh, Karimganj has strong reference in the history since from 6th century to India’s freedom movement. Freedom movement in this remote part of India was no less which is evident from the fact that nearly 50 soldiers of freedom movement sacrificed their lives during Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. To commemorate and respect the martyrs of freedom movement, Malegarh Crematorium was established where the martyrs of Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 were cremated.
The lesser known yet with great deeds Abdul Matlib Mazumdar hailing from this remote district alongwith Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (5th President of India) were notables who advocated against division of erstwhile India based on communal differences.
The lush greenery with undulating hill ranges and panoramic water bodies make the district rich and diverse in context to beauty of nature. The district has lot to offer for every visitor.
Inhabited mostly by an indigenous tribe “Bodo”, the district is the gateway to Seven Sisters. Located on the bank of mighty river Brahmaputra, the district shares inter-state boundary with West Bengal and international boundary with Bhutan. Manas National Park, which shares with few more district, alongwith Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary, Ultapani reserve are some of the gift of nature that are capable to captivate visitors…
Local etymologist believed that the name of the district is a combination of two Assamese words viz. “Lakhimi” who is Goddess of wealth and “Pur” means full. The name was coined to indicate the fact that in erstwhile times the locality had abundant paddy. The district is also known as “Koliapani” owing to the fact that until 1950, the district remained isolated as there were no road connectivity. Having significant references in the history of Assam, the district shares inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh. Being on the foothills of Arunachal Pradesh, the district has good potentiality for tourism yet unexplored.
The 35th and newest district of Assam, Majuli is world’s largest inhabited river islands. Sprawling over an area of 400 Sq. Km. in the midst of river Brahmaputra, Majuli is the place where first Vaishnavite monastery “Manikanchan Sanjog” was established by Saint and founder of Vaishnavism, Srimanta Sankardeva, in 15th century. Subsequently, many satras were established and some of the notable among them are Kamalabari Satra, Auniati Satra, Dakhinpat Satra. In gist, it can be said that Majuli is the capital of Vaishnavism.
Rich in biodiversity, the island facilitates habitations of few endangered species of birds like greater adjutant stork, whistling teal and pelican.
The matter of concern for the new district is the severe erosion due to constant threat from river Brahmaputra for which all stakeholders needs to put in their concerted effort to save this wonderful heritage site.
Morigaon district in the middle of Assam is bordered by mighty river Brahmaputra, Karbianglong district, Nagaon district and Kamrup Metro district. Mayong, in Morigaon district was once considered as the capital of Black magic in India while Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has its own charm housing one horned rhinoceros. The district also has the presence of Tiwa Autonomous council established in 1995 for welfare and upliftment of indigenous Tiwa Tribe. There are some of the places in the district that are having enough potential to captivate your eyes.
The district in the middle of Assam is the birthplace is Saint, Scholar, play writer Srimanta Sankardev. Emerged as full fledged district in 1839, on the bank of the river Kollong, the district is one of the oldest district of Assam. Though in due course of time, new districts were sliced out yet the remnant portion or the extant Nagaon district houses part world heritage site Kaziranga National Park besides many other locations rich in scenic beauties.
The district of Nalbari was formed in 1985 by carving out from erstwhile Kamrup district. Sharing international border with Himalayan kingdom Bhutan, Nalbari is rich in culture and tradition in addition to the beauty of nature. The RAS festival celebrated during the month of November in Hari Mandir complex in the heart of the town makes it unique owing to its magnitude. Peoples from far flung areas throng in to attend RAS festival when it is being celebrated in the month of November. The district also has a strong base of cane and bamboo industry. A visit to this awesome district can satisfy you on many counts.
Erstwhile capital of Kachari Kingdom, the Cachar district is one of the oldest district of Assam. With Silchar as its Headquarter, Cachar has strong reference in the history of Assam. This is the district where world’s first polo club was formed in 1850. To its credit, the place where the first paramilitary force of India “Assam Rifles” took birth with name Cachar leng in 1835. Noble prize winner Ronald Ross made his research on malaria in a tea estate hospital at Laboc which is 32 Km from district HQ.
Sivsagar was also known as Rongpur in erstwhile times when it was the capital of Ahom Kingdom from 1699 to 1788. Sivsagar had been the centre of administration of Assam for nearly six hundred years during the reign of Ahoms. They were fond of being religious and had constructed quite large numbers of temples of various deities and also memorials which can still be seen. In 1839, the rule of Ahom came to an end with the annexation of Swargodeo Purandar Singha by British. The district now houses some monuments and temples of ancient times.
The district of SONITPUR with Tezpur as its headquarters is rich in cultural heritage and bio-diversity besides its historical importance. The district boast of the fact that some legends of Assam like Rupkowar Jyoti Prasad Agarwalla, Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha and Natasurjya Phani Sarmah, whose contribution to Assamese literature and Culture is inexpressible, hails from this district. The district headquarter is also considered as Cultural Capital of Assam. SONITPUR on the bank of mighty river Brahmaputra houses the town of Tezpur which is also called as city of ETERNAL ROMANCE as the town has reference of history of USHA and ANIRUDH. Sharing inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh, SONITPUR has plethora of places of interest in context to temples, archaeological ruins and beauty of nature.
Once the capital of Matak Kingdom or Moamareeya Kingdom, Tinsukia was known as Bangmara. Swargodeo (King) Sarbananda Singha excavated a triangular pond in the heart of today’s Tinsukia. The pond was named as Tinkunia pukhuri. In 1882, a railway station of Dibru-Sadiya railway of Assam Railway & Trading Company was established near Tinkunia Pukhuri and named the station as Tinsukia and so is now. The district shares inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Today, the district has the unique distinction of housing the oldest refinery in the world. Beside, Tinsukia district captivates visitors with its enchanting natural beauty.
Udalguri was sub division of erstwhile Darrang district until 4th June, 2014 which was then carved out from Darrang district to form Udalguri district. This district is one of the district within geographical jurisdiction Bodo Territorial Council and was created to materialize the agreement held between Govt. of India and Bodo Liberation Tigers. Located on the foothills of Himalaya, Udalguri shares international boundary with Bhutan and inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh. This district, though yet to be fully explored has something very special.